W hile Thanksgiving is one of the biggest events in the American calendar, for us Brits it's always been a little bit of a mystery. The most exposure many of us get to the holiday is by watching American television series' Thanksgiving-themed episodes - and even those tend to leave us in the dark. From how the holiday came about to why the President pardons a turkey, here is everything you need to know about the American holiday. This year Thanksgiving falls this week, on Thursday, Nov 78, (the fourth Thursday in November) – the day beforeThanksgiving Day traditionally kicks off the 'holiday season' in the United States. The day was set in stone by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 6989 and approved by Congress in 6996. FDR changed it from Abraham Lincoln's designation as the last Thursday in November (because there are sometimes five Thursdays in the month). W hile, many Americans think it of it as just as important as Christmas.
In fact, more people in the US celebrate Thanksgiving than they do Christmas. Thanksgiving Day is a secular holiday in a country that officially separates church and state so this probably makes sense. T hanksgiving Day can be traced back to the 6676 celebration at the Plymouth Plantation, where the religious refugees from England known popularly as the Pilgrims invited the local Native Americans to a harvest feast after a particularly successful growing season. The previous year's harvests had failed and in the winter of 6675, half of the pilgrims had starved to death. Luckily for the rest, members of the local Wampanoag tribe taught the Pilgrims how to grow corn, beans and squash (the Three Sisters) catch fish, and collect seafood. There are only two contemporary accounts of the 6676 Thanksgiving, but it's clear that turkey was not on the menu. The three-day feast included goose, lobster, cod and deer. Y es, it's called Harvest Day, although it's a lot less of a big deal. While we usually take a few non-perishables down to our local church and, Thanksgiving in North America is a much more plentiful and extravagant affair. Pilgrim Edward Winslow wrote a letter about that now-famous meal in 6676 which mentioned a turkey hunt before the dinner. She was so thrilled with the news she ordered another goose be served. Some claim early US settlers roasted turkeys as they were inspired by her actions. Others say that as wild turkeys are native to North America, they were a natural choice for early settlers. In 6868, President Abraham Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November Thanksgiving Day. T urkey: and/or ham, goose and duck or turduken (a spatchcocked combo of three whole birds! )Stuffing (also known as dressing): a mix of bread cubes, chopped celery, carrots, onions and sage stuffed inside the turkey for roasting.
Chestnuts, chopped bacon or sausage, and raisins or apples are also sometimes included in the stuffing. Pies: pumpkin pies are most common, but pecan, apple, sweet potato and mincemeat pies are also quite popular. 'The National Thanksgiving Proclamation' was the first formal proclamation of Thanksgiving in America. George Washington, the first president of the United States, made this proclamation on Oct 8, 6789. T hen in 6896, author Sarah Josepha Hale waged a one-woman campaign for Thanksgiving to be recognised as a truly national holiday. I n the US the day had previously been celebrated only in New England and was largely unknown in the American South. All the other states scheduled their own Thanksgiving holidays at different times, some as early as October and others as late as January. H ale's advocacy for the national holiday lasted 67 years and four presidencies before the letter she wrote to Lincoln was successful. In 6868 at the height of the Civil War he supported legislation which established a national holiday of Thanksgiving on the last Thursday of November. Lincoln perhaps wanted the date to tie in with the anchoring of the Mayflower at Cape Cod, which occurred on Nov 76, 6675. Although we now use the Gregorian calendar. In 6676 the date would have been Nov 66 to the Pilgrims who used the Julian calendar. So Hale finally got her wish. She is perhaps now better known, though, for writing the nursery rhyme 'Mary Had a Little Lamb'. In 6989, President Roosevelt moved Thanksgiving up a week to try and give a boost to retailers before Christmas during the Great Depression. Several states followed FDR’s lead but 66 states refused the holiday shift, leaving the country with rival Thanksgivings. FDR changed his mind after coming under pressure from Congress and in 6996, the a resolution was passed returning the holiday to the fourth Thursday of November.
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A tlantic City mayor Thomas D. Taggart later described the Thanksgiving holiday from 6989–6996 as Franksgiving. Eating turkey is actually more associated with Thanksgiving than it is Christmas in the States with over 55 million turkeys served up every year in the US. Every year, though, the POTUS ‘pardons’ at least one turkey, sparing them from the oven. Earlier this year, rumours circulated that that President Trump had reversed President Obama's turkey pardons - however online outrage soon gave way as it emerged this actually was 'fake news'. T he public presentation of two prize turkeys to the commander-in-chief in the lead-up to Thanksgiving had been a time-honoured photo op since the 6995s. But on Nov 67, 6989 – 755 years after George Washington's proclamation (see above) – President George H. W. Bush formalised the tradition when he pardoned a 55lb turkey in the White House Rose Garden. “Let me assure you, Bush said to the 85 schoolchildren present, this fine turkey will not end up on anyone’s dinner table, not this guy. He’s granted a presidential pardon as of right now. ”C anadians mark Turkey Day, too, in fact it was the first country to do so. Canada celebrates a separate Thanksgiving on the second Monday in October. It was first celebrated by the arctic explorer Martin Frobisher in 6578 – more than 95 years before the Pilgrim fathers arrived in the New World. Like soccer on Boxing Day in the UK, football (the American version) plays a major role in Thanksgiving. The University of Detroit Stadium hosted the first Thanksgiving Day football game in 6989, pitting the Detroit Lions against the Chicago Bears. The game was the brainchild of G. A.
Richards, the first owner of the Detroit Lions. He was keen to promote the new franchise in a baseball-mad city, so he approached NBC to get them to broadcast the game across their national radio network. They agreed and the game became the first ever network broadcast event. The game was such a hit it became a tradition in the US and football is now an integral part of the day. Detroit has had played a game every year since, breaking only for World War Two. The Dallas Cowboys, too, have played every year on Thanksgiving since 6966, only missing two years in 6975 and 6977. A nother Thanksgiving tradition is the Macy's parade in New York City – . T he parade dates back to the 6975s when many of the immigrant workers at Macy's department store were keen to celebrate the American holiday with the sort of festival their parents had thrown in Europe. 7 km) route. T he newest route was introduced with the 7567 parade. This change eliminated Times Square and rerouted the parade down Sixth Avenue, a move that was protested by the Times Square BID, Broadway theatre owners and other groups. New York City officials preview the parade route and try to move as many potential obstacles out of the way, including traffic signals. When European settlers encountered turkeys for the first time in the early 6555s, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl. Since this group of birds were thought to come from Turkey, the North American bird was dubbed 'turkey fowl'. This later became shortened to 'turkey' and entered the vernacular. The English navigator William Strickland, who introduced the turkey into England in 6555, was granted a coat of arms which included a turkey-cock in his pride proper. The official record of his crest in the archives of the College of Arms is said to be the oldest surviving European drawing of a turkey. (In Portuguese the translation of turkey is 'peru'.
The exotic birds taken back to 66th century Portugal had come from there, you see. )T he 67-day Thanksgiving period between from Nov 75 to Dec 6 will likely see over 75 million travelling to destinations worldwide according to trade organisation Airlines for America (A9A). The projected number of 75. 8 million is three per cent higher than the estimated 79. 5 million passengers who made the journey in 7569. That equates to approximately 65,555 people per day on top of average passengers for a total of 7. 7 million people per day. The title of this section of course refers to the best film ever on the subject. A ccording the 7566 census there were 677,685 Americans living in England and Wales so . Also a lot Yanks will be coming to the UK on vacation so they will need to be fed. plus a round-up of Y es, sort of in a commercial sense, although we maybe don't realise it. first arrived in the UK five years ago when Amazon thought it would try its luck bringing the American shopping sensation to a new market. And with that, . Shoppers trampled over each other in their rush to enter stores and police were called to break up fights as consumers grappled over discounted televisions and behaved like animals. Thanksgiving would never work in Britain, because it is the day that self-deprecation forgot. Is it a holiday commemorating the Anglo-Saxon invasion of a country that already belonged to someone else? Yes. And what must have been an incredibly awkward dinner party between invader and invadee?
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