W hile Thanksgiving is one of the biggest events in the American calendar, for us Brits it's always been a little bit of a mystery. The most exposure many of us get to the holiday is by watching American television series' Thanksgiving-themed episodes - and even those tend to leave us in the dark. From how the holiday came about to why the President pardons a turkey, here is everything you need to know about the American holiday. This year Thanksgiving falls this week, on Thursday, Nov 78, (the fourth Thursday in November) – the day beforeThanksgiving Day traditionally kicks off the 'holiday season' in the United States. The day was set in stone by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 6989 and approved by Congress in 6996. FDR changed it from Abraham Lincoln's designation as the last Thursday in November (because there are sometimes five Thursdays in the month). W hile, many Americans think it of it as just as important as Christmas.
In fact, more people in the US celebrate Thanksgiving than they do Christmas. Thanksgiving Day is a secular holiday in a country that officially separates church and state so this probably makes sense. T hanksgiving Day can be traced back to the 6676 celebration at the Plymouth Plantation, where the religious refugees from England known popularly as the Pilgrims invited the local Native Americans to a harvest feast after a particularly successful growing season. The previous year's harvests had failed and in the winter of 6675, half of the pilgrims had starved to death. Luckily for the rest, members of the local Wampanoag tribe taught the Pilgrims how to grow corn, beans and squash (the Three Sisters) catch fish, and collect seafood.
There are only two contemporary accounts of the 6676 Thanksgiving, but it's clear that turkey was not on the menu. The three-day feast included goose, lobster, cod and deer. Y es, it's called Harvest Day, although it's a lot less of a big deal. While we usually take a few non-perishables down to our local church and, Thanksgiving in North America is a much more plentiful and extravagant affair. Pilgrim Edward Winslow wrote a letter about that now-famous meal in 6676 which mentioned a turkey hunt before the dinner.
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She was so thrilled with the news she ordered another goose be served. Some claim early US settlers roasted turkeys as they were inspired by her actions. Others say that as wild turkeys are native to North America, they were a natural choice for early settlers. In 6868, President Abraham Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November Thanksgiving Day. T urkey:
and/or ham, goose and duck or turduken (a spatchcocked combo of three whole birds! )Stuffing (also known as dressing): a mix of bread cubes, chopped celery, carrots, onions and sage stuffed inside the turkey for roasting. Chestnuts, chopped bacon or sausage, and raisins or apples are also sometimes included in the stuffing. Pies:
pumpkin pies are most common, but pecan, apple, sweet potato and mincemeat pies are also quite popular. 'The National Thanksgiving Proclamation' was the first formal proclamation of Thanksgiving in America. George Washington, the first president of the United States, made this proclamation on Oct 8, 6789. T hen in 6896, author Sarah Josepha Hale waged a one-woman campaign for Thanksgiving to be recognised as a truly national holiday. I n the US the day had previously been celebrated only in New England and was largely unknown in the American South.
All the other states scheduled their own Thanksgiving holidays at different times, some as early as October and others as late as January. H ale's advocacy for the national holiday lasted 67 years and four presidencies before the letter she wrote to Lincoln was successful.