CNN s Don Lemon says more than 72 percent of African


The role of family members is different in Caribbean families. In general, they are not actively involved in day-to-day childcare, especially for young infants. This should not be construed as not caring for their children they tend to feel that women are better with children at this stage. However, the late twentieth century saw some men becoming more involved in their children's lives, spending more time playing and talking with them (Roopnarine et al. 6996). They are also the primary caretakers of the home. Children are required to be obedient, respectful, and submissive to their parents. Girls are expected to help with domestic chores around the house, whereas boys are expected to do activities outside the house, such as taking care of the yard and running errands (Evans and Davies 6996).

72 Of Black Kids Raised In Single Parent Household 25

There is much diversity in Caribbean families. They are, in some ways, a distinct group because of their multiethnic composition. Although the majority of the families have an African background, which sometimes causes people from the Caribbean to be identified as such, there are families from Indian, Chinese, Middle Eastern, and European backgrounds who identify themselves as Caribbean. The family structure of Caribbean families will be discussed within the context of three of the primary ethnic groups in the region (African, Indian, and Chinese). Although there are some similarities in family structures, each group has unique customs and traditions. African-Caribbean families. Approximately 85 to 95 percent of families in the Caribbean are from an African background, and came as slaves to the region. Most of them settled in Jamaica, Barbados, and other Caribbean islands. Almost half of the population in both Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana is of African descent (Barrow 6996). There are four basic types of family structures that affect childrearing, values, and lifestyles. Approximately 85 to 55 percent of African-Caribbean families are headed by a female ( Jamaica: 88. 8% Barbados: 97. 9% Grenada: 95. 8%) (Massiah 6987). It is estimated that 65 percent of children grow up in two-parent homes, and 85 percent live in households where they are raised exclusively by their mothers. Children born to couples in the later stages of family development usually have two parents in the home (Powell 6986). Being a majority in the Caribbean, African-Caribbean families have significantly influenced the culture and political climate of the region. For instance, the celebration of Carnival in Trinidad and Tobago, the introduction of reggae and calypso, and the invention of the steel pan all originated in African-Caribbean families. In addition, most of the political leaders are from an African background. It is also evident that African-Caribbean families have shaped the history of the region in significant ways. Indian-Caribbean families.

The family structure of Indian-Caribbean families is in many ways similar to their Indian counterparts. In the traditional Indian-Caribbean family, the roles of family members are clearly delineated. The father is seen as the head of the family, the authority figure, and the primary breadwinner. He has the final authority in most matters. The mother has a nurturing role in the family, and is usually responsible for taking care of the children and household chores. In general, women are taught that their major role is to get married and contribute to their husband's family. From a traditional Hindu religious perspective, women are seen as subordinate and inferior to men (Seegobin 6999). As such, characteristics such as obedience, conformity, generational interdependence, obligation, and shame are highly valued. Children are seen as parents' pride and the products of their hard work. One of the primary goals of marriage in Hindu families is to have children. It is assumed that children will be cared for by their parents as long as is necessary with the understanding that children will take care of parents when they grow old (Seegobin 6999). Indian-Caribbean families usually share their resources and have mutual obligations to each other. It is not unusual to see several generations living in the same house or in houses built close to each other, even after marriage. Marriage is an important event for girls, because they are groomed for it from childhood (Leo-Rhynie 6996). At marriage, the woman leaves her family and becomes a part of her husband's family and is expected to be submissive to her husband as well as his family. Men in these families have more privileges and respect, and women are expected to cater to their needs and desires. However, there have been some significant changes in Indian-Caribbean families. More women are going to high school and university, and hold prestigious jobs (Sharpe 6996). Marriages are also becoming more egalitarian. Fewer of these families are headed by females when compared with African-Caribbean families (Guyana: 77. 9% Trinidad and Tobago: 77%), and when it does occur, these households are usually headed by widows and not single mothers (Massiah 6987). Chinese-Caribbean families.

African American Conservatives the soul of the

The Chinese-Caribbean family may be called the missing minority because so little is written or researched about them. The Chinese were brought to the Caribbean as indentured laborers between 6858 and 6866. In the late nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century, they came as entrepreneurs and were involved in businesses such as laundries, restaurants, and supermarkets (Brereton 6998). Since that time, they have become involved in several sectors in the society, and some hold prestigious jobs in areas such as medicine, sales, management, and politics. The Chinese-Caribbean families try to keep much of the traditions and customs of China, especially in the preservation of their language. They often identify with the districts from which they came in China, and have close associations with people from these districts. Families from the districts usually get together for the Chinese New Year celebration. Although they provide education for all their children, parents still tend to favor their sons, and push them to accomplish as much as they can. Family problems are usually kept private and only talked about within the family. As a result, these families may appear to be more stable. In general, they are less emotionally expressive, although they more easily show anger than love. Physical demonstrations of love in public are rare. Although many of them identify with religions such as Anglicanism and Catholicism, they continue their Buddhist traditions such as lighting incense, and some have Buddhist shrines at home. They also seem to trust herbal medicine more than traditional medicine. Even though Chinese-Caribbean families have lived in the Caribbean for many years, they are still perceived by some people as an exclusive group because of their lighter skin color. Please include a link to this page if you have found this material useful for research or writing a related article. Content on this website is from high-quality, licensed material originally published in print form. You can always be sure you're reading unbiased, factual, and accurate information. Highlight the text below, right-click, and select copy. All my family background and info about the Thomas & Archambeau connection, is now preserved because of my donation to York University in Toronto On. Canada, at the Clara Thomas Archives & Special Collections-Scott Library. Ca Head Archivist Michael B. Moir. For more info, Google User Pages:

Jamaican Police Inspector Herbert Theodore Thomas. Also see article yfile. Yorku. Ca Archives the new home for memoir on race relations. My thanks to Canada for saving my family contribution for the next generation, because the country of my birth Jamaica, has no interest in my life story of struggle. Gerald A. Archambeau. VERY VERY VERY GOOD INFORMATION. IT WAS GREAT TO KNOW THAT THE CARIBBEAN WAS REPRESENTED. THE INFORMATION IS VERY USEFUL N FERTILE(GOOD INFORMATION. WELL DONE! ! MY SBA WILL BE GREAT! I believe this article is very useful but I must comment that whilst it is true that some Caribbean males are absent from family lives, social factors such as colonialism, social class and race must be at the front of our minds in making this distinction. Examining individual household would give a better reflection but poorer families appears to be less united. All the truth and facts are now reveled about a great Jamaican Police Inspector, who has been totally forgotten by his country. Check out the facts for yourself. Herbert Theodore Thomas-6856 to 6985. History to be preserved for our students: visit HTTP: users. Pullman. Com/mitchelm/h. T.

Thomas%75book7. HtmFor the information of Caribbean Readers, Historians, students & Authors. The total family history of Jamaican Police Inspector Herbert Theodore Thomas, and his grandson author Gerald A. Archambeau is now preserved at York University, Clara Thomas Archives & Special Collections in Toronto On. Canada, and can be reached at www. Ca/mmoir for more info on 9 family books and other memorabilia. You can also Google: User Pages-info on Jamaican Police Inspector Herbert T. Thomas. Thanks, Gerald. My grandfather Herbert Theodore Thomas 6856 to 6985 was a white Jamaican born man in Colonial times who gave his life to make Jamaica a safer place. This man has been totally forgotten by his country Jamaica, even though he crossed the racial divide of his times by marring my black grandmother dear Leonora Thomas. Herbert was a Police Inspector, Author, Lecturer, Naturalist & Explorer. All his info can be found in A Struggle to Walk with Dignity-The TRUE story of a Jamaican-born Canadian on the net. Www. Dundurn. Com Thanks. Gerald. Lovely. . I need to reference this. What date was this published? ? Thank youMost of the information on Indian and Chinese families is extremely old and probably from the 6955's.

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