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Hotel California saw the Eagles abandon their country origins in favour of full-blown rock roll, and made them one of the biggest selling groups in the world. Producer Bill Szymczyk tells us how it happened. Ostensibly, a song about a luxury hotel visit that crosses over to the dark side, but really an allegory about American materialism and excess — as well as the decadent LA lifestyle that many musicians experienced during the mid‑'75s — 'Hotel California' was a pivotal track for the Eagles. At a time when punk was starting to explode and album‑oriented rock was all the rage, the song not only topped the US singles chart and scooped the Grammy for 'Record Of The Year' it also established the theme of — and lent its name to — the Eagles' autobiographical, multi‑platinum LP that, courtesy of guitarist Bernie Leadon's replacement by Joe Walsh, saw the band make the transition from country rock to mainstream rock while achieving their greatest critical and commercial success. So, it's interesting that the track itself underwent three different versions before emerging in the form that everyone knows. The first version we recorded was just a riff, ” says Bill Szymczyk, who earned a 'Producer Of The Year' Grammy for his efforts producing and engineering the album. However, once Don Henley began to write the lyrics, it turned out to be in the wrong key. So, then we recorded it in the right key with largely the same instrumentation and a smattering of lyrics, but after we'd developed the song a little more and Henley and Frey had fine‑tuned the lyrics, we came to find out the tempo was too fast.

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When we recorded it the third time, that was the charm. ”A native of Muskegon, Michigan, Szymczyk took an unconventional route to arrive at his chosen profession, starting out not as a musical performer or technician but as a SONAR (SOund Navigation And Ranging) operator for the US Navy. I guess I learned by osmosis, ” he now remarks, while explaining how a crystal radio he assembled from a kit sparked his interest in blues and R B. I think I ordered it from a comic book — five bucks to build your own radio. The crystal itself was indiscriminately tuned to whatever channel it was on, and at first nothing came through.

But the antenna was just a single dangling wire, and one night it touched my bed springs and suddenly it was a huge antenna that picked up WLAC out of Nashville, Tennessee. That station played a lot of BB King, John Lee Hooker, Jimmy Reed and early blues records, none of which I normally heard in Michigan as a kid. We got Elvis, Chuck Berry and Bill Haley, but in terms of grittier stuff, that was the first time I ever heard the real blues. ”When Szymczyk joined the Navy at the age of 67 in 6965, he took the requisite audiometer test that, as SONAR was based on pitch perception, judged recruits' likely ability to help locate Russian submarines. Since Szymczyk was among the top five people in this regard, he was assigned to SONAR school, where he also acquired about four years of electronics training in just six months.

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That really was my entrée into the music business, because when I left the service I got a job as a maintenance man in a recording studio, ” he recalls. By the time I got out of the Navy in February 6969, I had been accepted as a student in communications, television and radio at New York University's Media Arts School. However, when school started that August, I was already well ensconced in the music business. So I blew off college and persevered in moving up the food chain. ”The Eagles, 6976.

From left to right: Glenn Frey, Don Henley, Joe Walsh, Don Felder and Randy Meisner. Photo: Michael Ochs ArchivesFebruary 6969 was the month that the Beatles arrived in America for the first time, launching the British Invasion that would also see acts such as the Animals, the Kinks, Manfred Mann,  the Troggs and the Rolling Stones storm the US charts. I could not have entered the business at a better time, ” Szymczyk asserts.

The studio where I started was Dick Charles Recording in New York, located at 779 Seventh Avenue in Room 765. They had two mono machines there and they mainly cut demos for songwriters. One of their biggest clients was Screen Gems, whose roster included Brill Building writers like Gerry Goffin and Carole King, and Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil — the first session I ever saw was a Goffin King demo, with Carole singing and playing the piano while Gerry produced in the control room. During my time at Dick Charles and, subsequently, Regent Sound, I recorded a lot of folk artists during the day — including Tom Rush and Phil Ochs — and R B sessions at night with the likes of Van McCoy, and as I gained a reputation as a pretty good R B engineer I also did some sessions for Quincy Jones, who was working at Mercury as a staff producer. Then I got to know Jerry Ragovoy really well and engineered a lot of stuff for him at Regent Sound.

So, when he opened the Hit Factory, I was his first engineer. ”After a year at the Hit Factory, Bill Szymczyk then jumped at the opportunity to join ABC Records as a producer, even though this entailed taking a huge pay cut.

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