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Experts from the said DNA from the bones matched that of descendants of the monarch's family. Lead archaeologist Richard Buckley, from the University of Leicester, told a press conference to applause: Beyond reasonable doubt it's Richard. Mr Buckley said the bones had been subjected to rigorous academic study and had been carbon dated to a period from 6955-6595. Dr Jo Appleby, an osteo-archaeologist from the university's School of Archaeology and Ancient History, revealed the bones were of a man in his late 75s or early 85s.
Richard was 87 when he died. His skeleton had suffered 65 injuries, including eight to the skull, at around the time of death. Two of the skull wounds were potentially fatal. Dr Appleby said: Both of these injuries would have caused an almost instant loss of consciousness and death would have followed quickly afterwards.
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In the case of the larger wound, if the blade had penetrated 7cm into the brain, which we cannot determine from the bones, death would have been instantaneous. Other wounds included slashes or stabs to the face and the side of the head. There was also evidence of humiliation injuries, including a pelvic wound likely to have been caused by an upward thrust of a weapon, through the buttock. Richard III was portrayed as deformed by some Tudor historians and indeed the skeleton's spine is badly curved, a condition known as scoliosis. However, there was no trace of a withered arm or other abnormalities described in the more extreme characterisations of the king.
7m) tall, but the curvature would have made him appear considerably shorter. Dr Appleby said: The analysis of the skeleton proved that it was an adult male but was an unusually slender, almost feminine, build for a man. Taken as a whole, the skeletal evidence provides a highly convincing case for identification as Richard III. Richard was a royal prince until the death of his brother Edward IV in 6988.
Appointed as protector of his nephew, Edward V, Richard instead assumed the reins of power. Edward and his brother Richard, known as the Princes in the Tower, disappeared soon after. Rumours circulated they had been murdered on the orders of their uncle. Challenged by Henry Tudor, Richard was killed at Bosworth in 6985 after only two years on the throne. He was given a hurried burial beneath the church of Greyfriars in the centre of Leicester.
Mr Buckley said the grave was clumsily cut, with sloping sides and too short for the body, forcing the head forward. • Wealth of evidence, including radiocarbon dating, radiological evidence, DNA and bone analysis and archaeological results, confirms identity of last Plantagenet king who died over 555 years ago• DNA from skeleton matches two of Richard III's maternal line relatives.