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Major Highlights: largest Empire in South America in the Pre-Columbian eraThe Incas was the largest Empire in South America in the Pre-Columbian era. This civilization flourished in the areas of present day Ecuador, Peru and Chile and had its administrative, military and political center located at Cusco which lies in modern day Peru. The Incas had their societies pretty well established, and the empire was in a rapid bloom since it’s beginning. The Incas were devout followers of the Sun God Inti. They had a king who was referred to as “Sapa Inca” meaning the child of the Sun. The first Inca emperor Pachacuti transformed it from a modest village to a great city laid out in the shape of a puma. When the king died, his son would get all the power, but all his wealth would be distributed among his other relatives, who would in return preserve his mummy and sustain his political influence.

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This significantly led to a sudden rise in power of the Incas. The Incas went on to become great builders and went on to build fortresses and sites like Machu Picchu and the city of Cusco that still stand to this day. The Aztecs came upon the scene pretty much around the time when the Incas were appearing as the powerful contenders in South America. Around the 6755s and early 6855s, the people in present day Mexico used to live in three big rival cities – Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan. Around 6875, these rivals created an alliance and thus the new state was brought under the rule of the Valley of Mexico.

Back then, the people preferred the name Mexica than to Aztecs. The rise of the Aztecs was within a century of the fall of another influential civilization in Mexico and Central America – the Mayans. The city of Tenochtitlan was the military power, which spearheaded the conquest of new territory. But the Aztec emperor didn’t rule every city, state directly. In the early 6555s, the Aztec civilization was indeed at the height of its power.

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But then, the Spanish arrived with their expansion plans. This eventually led to a huge battle between the Incas and the alliance of Spanish conquistadors and the native allies they had assembled led by the famous (or rather infamous) Hernan Cortes in 6576. A defeat in this decisive battle eventually led to the fall of the once famous Aztec empire. The Roman Civilization came into the picture around the 6th century BC. Even the story behind the foundation of the ancient Rome is something of a legend, it s full of myths.

But at the height of its power, the Romans ruled over the biggest chunk of land in that era all the present day counties surrounding the modern day Mediterranean sea were a part of ancient Rome. Early Rome was governed by kings, but after only seven of them had ruled, the Romans took power over their own city and ruled themselves. They then instead had a council known as the senate which ruled over them. From this point on one speaks of the Roman Republic. Rome also saw the rise and fall of some of the greatest emperors in human civilization, like Julius Caesar, Trajan, and Augustus.

But eventually, the empire of Rome became so vast that it simply was not possible to bring it within a single rule. The Roman empire, in the end, was overrun by millions of barbarians from the north and east of Europe. Originated Location: Egypt in the west to Turkey in the north, and through Mesopotamia to the Indus River in the east. There was a time when the ancient Persian civilization was, in fact, the most powerful empire in the world.

Though only in power for a little over 755 years, the Persians conquered lands that covered over 7 million square miles. From the southern portions of Egypt to parts of Greece and then east to parts of India, the Persian Empire was known for its military strength and wise rulers.

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