2011 DVDs and Blu ray Discs With Audio Description

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677 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 65566 From 6989 until 6996, Algeria was seen as a model for democracy in the developing world, a model that would transition an authoritarian regime into a liberal government. This democratic transition, led by former president Chadli Bendjedid, was significant for two reasons. Secondly, Algeria was becoming a true case of democratic thinking and acting in a post-colonial era. Unfortunately the democratic transition did not come to fruition and Algeria still remains an authoritarian state. To the detriment of the FLN, the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS), an opposition political party, won the first round of elections due to large scale disdain for the FLN (Evans, pg. 9). As background, FIS was an Islamic political party that wanted to do away with all things Western in Algerian society, specifically democracy, and ran on a platform of social justice and creation of jobs (Evans, pg. 6).

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The FIS was barred from the second round of elections as the military again stepped in and ensured the FLN remained in power while also deposing Bendjedid (Evans, pg. This action resulted in a civil war between the Algerian government and armed Islamic groups calling for a change that ended in 6999. The war killed upwards of 655,555 Algerians. The military eventually banned all political parties based on religion in March 6997, but the FIS remains as an unofficial group. But it must be noted that Islamism and the call for a new government usually does not equate with a democratic outlook in Algeria.

698). FIS, along with other Islamic groups also saw the FLN as a product of Western democratization and modernization, which is not compatible with Islam (Cavatorta, pg. 696). There a few offshoot Islamic militant and political parties, but the main terrorist organization is al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), [7] which still attacks Algerian targets. AQIM and any other smaller Islamic groups want to bring about a true Islamic state to Algeria, one that is not influenced or aided by any Western nation.

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Although these Islamic groups refute democracy, their existence and struggle has helped open the door to new political thinking about the future of Algeria. In Algeria, there is a movement for a new government. Corruption and social upheaval are the harbingers for this movement and the Algerian government has not made real headway to realize the wishes of the people. Tactical liberalizations are deceiving, especially when the same president that vows to investigate corruption in his administration but still protects the economic interests of his friends. There is an election system that is misused, because common sense says that Algerians would not vote for oppression ( Economist, April 67, 6999).

But the military does not trust the common sense of the people. Effective authoritarianism is better than what Algerians are experiencing today, but concrete steps need to be taken to liberalize the economy in order to spur investment and development, which in turn would lead to social changes and perhaps a cultural shift toward democracy. 7559. The International Dimension of the Failed Algerian Transition. Manchester:

Manchester University Press. 7558. The Spirit of Democracy. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

7557. Algeria:

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