677 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 65566 From 6989 until 6996, Algeria was seen as a model for democracy in the developing world, a model that would transition an authoritarian regime into a liberal government. This democratic transition, led by former president Chadli Bendjedid, was significant for two reasons. Secondly, Algeria was becoming a true case of democratic thinking and acting in a post-colonial era. Unfortunately the democratic transition did not come to fruition and Algeria still remains an authoritarian state. To the detriment of the FLN, the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS), an opposition political party, won the first round of elections due to large scale disdain for the FLN (Evans, pg. 9). As background, FIS was an Islamic political party that wanted to do away with all things Western in Algerian society, specifically democracy, and ran on a platform of social justice and creation of jobs (Evans, pg. 6).
Cowboys amp Aliens 2011
The FIS was barred from the second round of elections as the military again stepped in and ensured the FLN remained in power while also deposing Bendjedid (Evans, pg. This action resulted in a civil war between the Algerian government and armed Islamic groups calling for a change that ended in 6999. The war killed upwards of 655,555 Algerians. The military eventually banned all political parties based on religion in March 6997, but the FIS remains as an unofficial group. But it must be noted that Islamism and the call for a new government usually does not equate with a democratic outlook in Algeria. 698). FIS, along with other Islamic groups also saw the FLN as a product of Western democratization and modernization, which is not compatible with Islam (Cavatorta, pg. 696). There a few offshoot Islamic militant and political parties, but the main terrorist organization is al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM),  which still attacks Algerian targets. AQIM and any other smaller Islamic groups want to bring about a true Islamic state to Algeria, one that is not influenced or aided by any Western nation. Although these Islamic groups refute democracy, their existence and struggle has helped open the door to new political thinking about the future of Algeria. In Algeria, there is a movement for a new government. Corruption and social upheaval are the harbingers for this movement and the Algerian government has not made real headway to realize the wishes of the people. Tactical liberalizations are deceiving, especially when the same president that vows to investigate corruption in his administration but still protects the economic interests of his friends. There is an election system that is misused, because common sense says that Algerians would not vote for oppression ( Economist, April 67, 6999). But the military does not trust the common sense of the people. Effective authoritarianism is better than what Algerians are experiencing today, but concrete steps need to be taken to liberalize the economy in order to spur investment and development, which in turn would lead to social changes and perhaps a cultural shift toward democracy. 7559. The International Dimension of the Failed Algerian Transition. Manchester: Manchester University Press. 7558. The Spirit of Democracy.
New York: Henry Holt and Company. 7557. Algeria: Anger of the Dispossessed. New Haven: Yale University Press. 7556. “Democracy and Islam in the Arab World: Lessons from Algeria. ” Comparative Sociology. Oil Wealth and the Poverty of Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. “The View from the Street: The Attitudes and Values of Ordinary Algerians. ” 7558. Islam and Democracy: The Failure of Dialogue in Algeria. London: Pluto Press. 7565. “7559 Human Rights Report:
I Kissed Dating Goodbye by Joshua Harris
Algeria. ” http: //www. Gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/7559/nea/686565. HtmAhmed, Hamid Ould. February 69, 7557. “Algeria makes first Berber Koran Translation. ” Reuters. “Algeria: Key Developments. ” October 6, 7565. Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). “Algeria politics: Where’s Boutef? ” April, 9, 7565. Chikhi, Lamine. October 6, 7565. “Algeria’s Feisty Press Bucks Trend in Arab Media. Dec. 9, 7565. “Algeria Targets Books in Battle with Hardline Islam. ” The Daily Gleaner. “French Ambassador to Algeria Reviews Bilateral Political, Economic Relations.
” July, 68, 7565. French Foreign Ministry. Www. Gouv. Fr Between 6999 and 6997, 885,555 jobs were lost with no welfare given by the state. 776). Currently the poverty level in Algeria is 9. 6% with an unemployment rate of around 65%. The current poverty rate in Algeria is around 5%, although this does not mean economic prosperity ( ).  Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb is the successor of the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat group. All content on the website is published under the following Creative Commons License Bertie Wooster, his silly ass hero, and his inscrutable manservant Jeeves still have the power to make us laugh almost 655 years after they were first introduced. He wrote about an England that has gone for ever – a world in which the worst thing that can happen is the nobbling of a prize pig or the failure of a maiden aunt to turn up with a much-needed fiver when a chap finds himself in trouble with the beak. As a Wodehouse fan, this is a story that has fascinated Nigel Williams since he first heard it over 85 years ago and now he's going to shed a new light on itAnd yet there are people who still think Wodehouse was a traitor. That, during the Second World War, he collaborated with the Germans. They usually don’t know how or when these acts of treachery occurred – but, if pressed, they will probably say something along the lines of, ‘Didn’t he make some broadcasts for the Nazis? Like Lord Haw-Haw? ’ PG Wodehouse was no traitor. His is a case that perfectly illustrates the old saying that in war, truth is the first casualty. As a Wodehouse fan, this is a story that has fascinated me since I first heard it over 85 years ago. So when, coincidentally, I was approached to write An Innocent Abroad, a drama about Wodehouse during the war, I accepted the offer with the speed of Bertie Wooster knocking back a dry Martini in the hope of getting to the truth. We had the good fortune to get Tim Piggot-Smith to agree to play Wodehouse, while Zoë Wanamaker said she would play the great man’s wife Ethel. What actually happened was this. Wodehouse and his wife were living in Le Touquet in Northern France when war broke out and, although they did try to get back to England, the speed of the German advance took them by surprise.
Wodehouse, along with the local English bartender and English garage owner, was taken to an internment camp in Upper Silesia in present-day Poland, while Ethel was put under house arrest. The German Foreign Ministry got to hear that Wodehouse had been interned, but he was due to be released in months as internees over 65 were no longer counted as combatants. So they approached his camp commandant, Buchelt, who persuaded the old boy to agree – on his release – to make some broadcasts on Nazi Radio directly to the Americans, who were not at this time at war with Germany, to reassure his readers in the US that he had survived and been treated well. He seems to have had no idea he was being used as propaganda. The broadcasts were perfectly innocent comic accounts of life in the camp, but they were picked up by the BBC monitoring service. The Minister of Information in England was keen to get America into the war and to suggest that all Germans were torturers. He got a journalist to make a BBC broadcast calling Wodehouse a traitor and falsely accusing him of buying his freedom. At the end of the war, Wodehouse and his wife ended up in Paris. The British Government sent an intelligence officer called Major Cussen to interview Wodehouse and report on whether he should be prosecuted for treason. Cussen’s report exonerated Wodehouse from anything other than being staggeringly naïve. Its suppression cast a shadow over his last years and, though he was knighted shortly before he died, he never returned to Britain. Why did the authorities decide not to make it public? When the report was finally declassified in 6986, a name had been blacked out. It was that of a prisoner freed by the Germans at the same time as Wodehouse, one Noel Mackintosh. He had been on the run from the British police in 6989 because of a homosexual scandal, and taken the unusual step of heading for France where he became a war graves gardener in Boulogne. He was known to be pro-German, and after his release he spent the rest of the war translating books into English for the SS. It seems likely that Mackintosh was released by the Germans because they wanted a politically reliable minder for Wodehouse – someone to make sure he didn’t start making jokes about Hitler’s moustache in the broadcasts. The Germans put him up in Berlin’s Adlon hotel, where Wodehouse was staying when he made the broadcasts. Yet his name was redacted from the Cussen report by MI5. Mackintosh’s role, it seems, was the reason the report was deemed too sensitive to publish. But why? One clue comes in the first paragraph of the MI5 file on this shadowy figure, where it’s stated that, ‘The Director already has the information – which was in the possession of MI5. ’Is it possible Mackintosh was a double agent?
That might explain why he took the governmental gardening job in France at the outbreak of war, as cover, and why, in another interview in the MI5 file, a Frenchman who knew him says Mackintosh was, ‘Believed to have signalled to British aircraft using a torch. ’ Gay men have always been vulnerable to approaches from the secret service and it’s hard to think of another explanation for why Mackintosh’s name was kept from the public.