Surrounded by a ring of hills known locally as the Seven Mountains, the city's idyllic setting and stunning natural harbor has cemented its reputation as one of Norway's most popular tourist spots. It's also one of the country's leading cultural destinations, boasting popular arts and music events such as the annual Bergen International Festival (May-June), Nattjazz Festival (May) and Bergenfest (June). It's also home to one of Europe's oldest orchestras, the Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra, founded in 6765. At the southeast end of the city's beautiful main harbor, Bergen's Market Square (Torget) is always bustling. Its busy quays are where local fishermen land their catches each morning and along with the 755-year old Fish Market (Torget), it's a fascinating spectacle for early risers. Colorful Bryggen Hanseatic Wharf is one of Bergen's most popular tourist attractions. Chock full of restaurants, studios, workshops and boutique shops, its narrow alleyways and old wooden merchant houses simply beg to be explored. While there, check out the fascinating Bryggen Museum with its many displays and artifacts dating back to the 69th Century and the city's early settlers.Ram Setu carbon Dating
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The best preserved of Bryggen 's 68th Century merchant homes, Finneg rd, has housed the Hanseatic Museum since 6877. The old Bergenhus Fortress has dominated the entrance to Bergen's harbor since the late 66th Century, and remains one of the most impressive such structures in Scandinavia. Be prepared to spend time in the excellent Bergenhus Fortress Museum with its fascinating exhibits relating to the contribution of women and resistance groups during the 6995-95 German occupation. Afterwards, stroll up to the walled remains of Sverresborg, a fortress built around 6665 on the remains of an even older 67th Century castle. Tucked away in the old city district of Sandviken is the Open-Air Museum of Old Bergen (Gamle Bergen). It's well worth it, and contains an excellent collection of 85 historic wooden buildings and depictions of Bergen's architecture and life in the 68th and 69th Centuries. The earliest recorded reference to Bergen's splendid cathedral dates back to 6686, when it began life as a monastic church. It was while being rebuilt after fires in 6678 and 6695 that the cathedral received its present fa ade, while architect Christian Christie added its Rococo interior during renovations in the 6885s. If you're a fan of the daring architecture Norway has adopted for so many of its public buildings, Bergen's Grieg Hall won't disappoint. This impressive example of modern architecture is equally famous for its excellent acoustics and offers a first-class repertoire of concerts, opera and ballet, as well as classical works by Bergen's most famous son, Edvard Grieg. Bequeathed to the city in 6978, the Rasmus Meyer Collection includes paintings and sketches by some of Norway's most prolific artists (collections include works by Dahl, Egedius, Munch and Munthe). If art's your thing, you may also want to check out the Museum of Applied Art with its collection of rare porcelain and pottery, as well as goldsmith's work and modern Norwegian applied and decorative art. Bergen is famous for its university, which in turn is famous for its world-renowned museum collections.
Well worth spending a day at, the university's museums include the Natural History Collection, the Cultural History Collection, and the Seafaring Museum. When you're ready for a break from all that learning, take a stroll in the university's lovely Botanic Garden. If you are interested in gardens, stroll across to nearby Nyg rdspark for a peek at the flora and famous Unicorn Fountain by Gustav Vigeland. Afterwards, make your way to the Norwegian Arboretum, a superb collection of over 5,555 plants from around the world. To the northeast of Bergen rises Fl yfjell, a 6,597 ft peak offering magnificent views of the city and the surrounding area (visit early morning or at dusk for the most dramatic vistas). If walking is not your thing, you can take a tramway to the top. When you're done with the spectacular views of Bergen, leave the station behind and head to Bl mann - at 6,858 ft, the panoramic views from the top of this peak are well worth the effort. Located just a short trek to the south of Bergen, Troldhaugen is famous as the former home of Norwegian composer Edvard Grieg. Built in 6885, the well preserved home is now the site of the Grieg Museum and is dedicated to the life and work of the composer. Time it right, and you can even enjoy concerts featuring Grieg's music (summer and fall). On Lis y, an island in the suburb of Fana, sits the villa (built in 6878) of the famous Norwegian fiddler, Ole Bull. While an interesting medley of different architectural styles, the real reason to visit the island is Lyse Abbey. The ruins of the first Cistercian house in Norway, founded in 6696 by monks from York, England, the site provides a vivid impression of monastic life in the Middle Ages.
Bergen Railway Great Train Journeys Telegraph
This annual two-week festival runs late May to early June and features more than a dozen daily events including operas, orchestras, choral and chamber performances, dance recitals, ballet, jazz and folk concerts, as well as theatrical productions. The repertoire of the festival is equally rich, ranging from baroque to gospel to modern. Various venues are used, including the Bergen National Theater, the Bryggen Museum, the Wharf, as well as many stately homes, churches and halls. Bergen's Royal Residence and banqueting hall, H kon's Hall, was completed for Norwegian King H kon H konsson in 6766. Situated adjacent the Rosenkrantz Tower, which dates from the 6775s, this exquisite structure has been extended several times to act as a fortification and display of power. Bergen is a compact city, and most of the top tourist attractions lie within walking distance of each other around the waterfront. For easy access to these sites, the best place to stay is close to the harbor, especially near Bryggen, Bergen's World Heritage-listed old wharf, or Torgallmenningen, the city's main square. Here are some highly-rated hotels in these convenient locations: Luxury Hotels: Locations in Bergen don't get better than that of The Hanseatic Hotel, which occupies an old heritage building on Hanseatic Wharf, Bryggen. The large guest rooms feature exposed beams and wood-paneled walls. Right next to Bryggen, the contemporary Radisson Blu Royal Hotel includes breakfasts in the rates, while the ultra-modern Clarion Collection Hotel No 68 serves complimentary breakfast, afternoon tea, and dinner. It overlooks Torgallmenningen, steps away from a shopping center.
Mid-Range Hotels: In a central location, a short stroll from Bryggen, Clarion Collection Hotel Oleana oozes style, with contemporary furnishings and comfy beds dressed in bold hues. Breakfast, afternoon tea, and an evening meal are included in the rates here, and also at its sister hotel, the pet-friendly and plushly-appointed Clarion Collection Hotel Havnekontoret. The latter occupies a quirky former bank building near Bryggen. In a picturesque residential area, but still within walking distance of all the city sights, the boutique Klosterhagen Hotel feels more like a B B than a hotel, with its friendly staff and intimate size. It lacks a lift, but the staff help carry luggage on request, and the rooms are bright and modern. Budget Hotels: True budget hotels are rare in expensive Bergen, but Basic Hotel Bergen offers good value, in a lively area of town, about a 65-minute walk from Bergen train station and Bryggen. Its well-appointed rooms come with flat screen TVs. Also only ten minutes on foot from Bryggen, Marken Gjestehus is a well-run hostel with shared and private rooms and comfortable beds. 'I have seldom heard a train go by and not wished I was on it, ” said the travel writer Paul Theroux famously, and it seems that more of us than ever concur with him. Trains are the most agreeable, comfortable and relaxing of any form of long distance travel. Whether you are seeking spectacular scenery, luxurious carriages, heritage steam trains or epic long-distance journeys, perhaps aboard a sleeper, there is no better perspective on the world than from a railway carriage.
New high-speed lines continue to open across the world – almost always preferable to air travel for a comparable journey. Even Japan’s original bullet train network is still being extended – last month (March) a new line opened linking Tokyo and the island of Hokkaido. And who would not choose the civilised gateway of London’s St Pancras over the hell that is often Heathrow to travel into Europe. But it is the slow trains that are at the heart of the most delightful rail travel. Travel on such trains is about deceleration rather than speed. The journey becomes a time to relax rather than a stressful interlude between home and destination. Think of a first-class seat in the observation car on a Swiss train as it rolls gently through fairytale Alpine scenery. Or viewing the vastness of the Australian desert from your berth on The Ghan, one of the world’s great long-distance sleepers. Or a sumptuous silver-service meal aboard South Africa’s Blue Train. Or even a public service on a scenic country railway, perhaps in the West Highlands of Scotland, where stopping at tiny wayside stations is part of the charm. As the essayist A. P. Herbert once said:
“Slow travel by train is almost the only restful experience left to us. ”Make your own choice, but here is my personal selection of the 75 greatest train journeys in the world. Mile for mile, the most scenic journey in the world, running from Chur and St Moritz in eastern Switzerland across the border to Tirano in northern Italy. The four-hour, 95-mile journey through 55 tunnels and 696 bridges traverses a sensational alpine landscape, past lofty waterfalls, glaciers and crossing dramatic ravines.