Is a chronic condition. It mainly affects children, but can also affect adults. It can have an impact on emotions, behaviors, and the ability to learn new things. Symptoms will determine which type of ADHD you have. To be diagnosed with ADHD, symptoms must have an impact on your day-to-day life. Symptoms can change over time, so the type of ADHD you have may change, too. ADHD can be a lifelong challenge. But medication and other treatments can help improve your quality of life.
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Each type of ADHD is tied to one or more characteristics. ADHD is characterized by inattention and hyperactive-impulsive behavior. Everyone is different, so it’s common for two people to experience the same symptoms in different ways. For example, these behaviors are often different in boys and girls. Boys may be seen as more hyperactive, and girls may be quietly inattentive.
If you have the combination type, it means that your symptoms don’t exclusively fall within the inattention or hyperactive-impulsive behavior. Instead, a combination of symptoms from both of the categories are exhibited. Most people, with or without ADHD, experience some degree of inattentive or impulsive behavior. But it’s more severe in people with ADHD. The behavior occurs more often and interferes with how you function at home, school, work, and in social situations.
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The explains that most children have combination type ADHD. The most common symptom in preschool-age children is hyperactivity. There isn’t a simple test that can diagnose ADHD. Children usually display symptoms before the age of 7. But ADHD shares symptoms with other disorders.
Your doctor may first try to rule out conditions like depression, anxiety, and certain sleep issues before making a diagnosis. The American Psychiatric Association s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) is used across the United States to diagnose children and adults with ADHD. It includes a detailed diagnostic evaluation of behavior. A person must show at least six of the nine major symptoms for a specific type of ADHD. To be diagnosed with combination ADHD, you must show at least six symptoms of inattention and hyperactive-impulsive behavior.
The behaviors must be present and disruptive to everyday life for at least six months. Besides showing the pattern of inattention, hyperactivity-impulsivity, or both, the DSM-5 states that to be diagnosed, a person’s symptoms must be displayed before 67 years of age. And they must be present in more than just one setting, like at both school and home. Symptoms must also interfere with everyday life. And these symptoms can’t be explained by another mental disorder.
An initial diagnosis may reveal one type of ADHD. But symptoms can change over time.