Before choosing your first programming language, you should also check out this infographic on What Is Programming And What Do Programmers Do. I have also compiled a list of for each programming language, to help you get started quickly. Special thanks to Prithviraj Udaya for allowing me to use his awesome The Lord of the Rings analogy on. Note: A good programmer must know at least a few programming languages to learn different ways to approach problems. They continue to learn and grow as technology advances. This is just the beginning of your programming journey. Simply pick one and start coding now!
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Most good programmers do programming not because they expect to get paid or get adulation by the public, but because it is fun to program. Here is the compiled list of the best courses, tutorials, books, etc. For each programming language. Feel free to suggest any new resources to keep this list growing! Beginners read this: IDE stands for Integrated Development Environment. It is a tool that facilitates developers to write code, which normally consists of a code editor, compiler, and debugger. Also, you need to understand some important concepts behind programming. Check out:. If you want to create websites using Python, try, a beginner-friendly Python web framework: Then, you should probably move on to, the most popular and widely-used Python web framework: For front-end developers, you must also learn HTML CSS. Probably as well. Here are the evidences: There are tons of debates that argue other coding languages are better, but I think we should to stick to the majority opinion. I m recommending Python to most beginners, but it doesn t matter THAT much. Whether you are more of a Ruby or Python programmer depends on your personality. If your favorite toy at a young age was Lego, choose Python. If it was clay, use Ruby. C gives you more control than Java. You don t have to worry about shifting gears (e. G. , memory management) in Java, but you may be able to drive (execute code) faster and more efficient in C. In this case, we should follow the rule stated in #6. The bottom line is, you definitely need to learn more than one programming language to get a job in most companies. No, PHP is not limited to small sites only. What I m trying to say is PHP makes it easy to get a simple website up and running at low cost.
It works and scales perfectly well for large and high traffic websites too. We hate spam as much as you do! Fixed! Can t believe I missed this. Thanks for spotting the typo. Like when writing a story, the language you use is not a big deal. Programming is not about the language you use. In some programming languages, like in Python or Ruby, it s a bit easier to grasp some concepts because they read more like plain English. For the same reason, it doesn t matter what platform or motivation you have, C++ IS NOT a good first language to learn! My piece of advice: Go Python. Only then, when you got bored played with Python, come back here and follow Carl s nice infograph! I totally agree with you. That s why Python is listed as the easiest and best option in the flowchart. When you are in doubt, choose Python 😉. But sometimes using python is limiting your development, because most of the time there are already plug ins for whatever you want to do. Even for the simplest thing (grabbing html from url) and makes you lazy to know what s behind the import. In my college we go from C and cannot use any library so we get the concept then move to either java, c++, or pythonMostly because its free, and students cannot afford to host on windows server. . But maybe iwth ASP. NET 5 that will change. C# and MVC is defiantly easier than Python and sooo much more convenient. But the problem is the deployment process and the fees needed. MonoIDE is free and good,. NET5 is in beta and can self host OWIN on almost any platoform now 🙂 We need more C# developers! It s a point of view, but in my opinion C++ is a good language to start with. I learned C++ as my first programming language it s a bit hard at the beginning but after you know C++ you will comfortable in any other language.
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After learning C++ for 8years i managed to learn Python, C#, PHP and Java in less than a monthAgree. That s why I mentioned in the flowchart that it will be easier to pick up other languages in the future. It all comes down to whether you want to learn coding the hard way. If you love challenges, go for C++, but make sure you have proper guidance too. I m planning on doing videogames (learning unity right now, but planning to switch over to UE9 when i upgrade my card) what should i do? Do I stay in unity and keep up with C#? So you re saying you should start with the language that makes all the other languages feel like a breath of fresh air? Or that your first language should teach you all the concepts you re ever going to learn? Neither of those interpretations sit well with me. I think this is a chart for deciding which language to learn *second*. Before you try your hand at the suggested language, spend a few months toying with Python or Ruby. Then when you get to C++, you ll not only have a handle on a lot of the concepts, but you ll actively seek out obscure bits that will make your life much easier. For example, Ruby has regular expressions and dictionaries/hashes built right in, so you ll immediately look for ways to make use of that functionality (even if it requires pulling in new libraries). Also, the do X to an array of objects (. Map,. Each,. Inject, etc. ) are a good lead-in to C++ generics, templates, containers, etc. When it s time to introduce them in C++, the student has already seen how powerful they are. They won t work as hard to find workarounds to avoiding learning them. I can t be certain, but I suspect if you d taken a few months with Python, you could have saved about a year learning C++. CodeMonkey is also a great tool to get kids coding. Yea in ASP. NET 5 that is possible. And should be a super set of languages next to those. The core advantage is obvciolsy WIndows Phone and desktops. But also ASP.
MVC is so bloody easy, I would say its easier than Python (for Windows Dev) But going back to your comment, I am actaully trying to deploye an. NET 5 MVC site to FreeBSD with MySQL backend so that makes it even easier for Linux brewed guys to get into C# Als the Mono IDE runs cross platform and is pretty good Visaul Studio Alternative. I think. Good bye PHP, finally! Objective-C can make iOS Mac app, not web page, you use the wrong icon. Regarding Java IDEs, I would propose that IntelliJ be listed there, too. The community edition is free and great for Java development, especially in the early stages. In particular, I find that the IntelliJ Maven integration is superior and that is a really big win for me. Thanks for the suggestion Nick! I ve added IntelliJ into the list. That is, besides serving the whole front end of our site. PHP is not for small and simple sites, and saying that is misleading. I am not saying that python is a bad language (it s amazing), or that people should learn one or the other, but you are, and when doing so, you are misleading the readers because of your personal preference. I apologize for the misunderstanding caused. I ve added clarifications in the infographic explained and FAQ section. Please refer answer #6 and #6 for the explanations. You must have a really bad day, every day, to torture your self like that. PHP has died about 65 years ago mate. You need to wake up or you will never be able to churn you way out of all that code. But I think people have this misconception that it is old, bad or only for small stuff, when actually it s not, and saying otherwise seems a bit ignorant. The reality is, you can use it on any kind of web projects, no matter how big they are (facebook? ). It sounds like people dislike it because it s popular and not cool, but those are completely invalid reasons to base a learning decision, which is what this article is all about. Only because. NET doesn t run free on Linux. Oh wait, it does and its free. It will soon be replaced and as Apatchme got replaced with nginx, while IIS is catching up to nginx, so will PHP with ASP.
VNext. I currently run Kestrel behind nginx with full blown ASP. NET WebApps and when I publish my book, even more newbies will realise the power of Visual Studio and the comfort of programming in. NET. I have been in the land of PHP because I hated ASP. WebForms, but came back because I realised PHP was far more worse. PHP has died about 65 years ago you say? Sure I would agree oh wait, sorry I forgot, PHP is probably the most widely used server side language with some 87% of web servers running PHP compared to the 67% that ASP. All I m hearing from you is that you re a typical PHP hater. And for reference, yes I m a PHP developer and proud to be. Bravo for defending PHP! Anyway I suppose PHP died for ME 65 years ago, never met any other PHP developer and never did any PHP code, never really liked it. But yea, the largest sites in the world run on PHP. Touché. I just like simple code that works. *beer*Same here for this misleading fact sir. Came for this comment. Thanks much 🙂Ada would be Galadriel. Elegant, wise, makes a lot happen without fuss. But probably seems quite unkind to beginners. Why not Haskell? I picked it up as my third language, but I really liked pure functional programming over object oriented programming Haskell just seems to me to make so much sense, and the syntactic sugar has some real thought behind it. Probably one of the best things to ever come out of a committee. With. NET going open source and cross-platform. I think you should edit the Legolas part a bit. Used to stay in their land but recently started to give a shit about it s neighbors or something like that 😉Totally agree.