It was first used in a newspaper column in which a young man laments that his girlfriend is seeing other people—that they are fillin' all my dates, as in the dates on her calendar. At the turn of last century, dating was still a new concept and law enforcement wasn't sure what to make of it—but they were sure something sordid was going on. A young man and woman meeting in public, him buying her food, drink, and gifts: well, it was veritable prostitution in the eyes of authorities, and women could be arrested for it. Ironically, a man and a woman meeting in public was the best way to have some privacy. And since McMansions were not yet a thing, it meant the parlor or kitchen, where there were always eyes and ears close by. It was a family affair, as callers meant heirs, property, and happiness. The newly established dating industry, however, had other goals in mind.
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Marriage would hurt business. For the first time in human history, writes Weigel, dating made it necessary to buy things in order to get face time with a prospective partner. This remains true today. Whereas before, the compatibility of prospective couples was determined by land, status, and wealth, with the onset of industrialization and the rise of the middle class, consumer goods became a go-to method for determining compatibility with a potential partner (e. G. Department stores brought those of humble means into contact with those of wealth. The shopgirl selling fashion learned to imitate her buyers, and labels would come along that could let anyone look rich. Driven by anxiety, as well as romantic ambition, writes Weigel, the shopgirl drove a kind of arms race. It was just what the economy needed. Before the 6955s, the only women who wore painted faces were actresses and prostitutes. (Previously, a natural look, it was said, demonstrated clean living. ) To make their product mainstream, the cosmetics industry renamed their goods makeup, with the lofty, admirable goal of making oneself up to express femininity. Societal mores before the 75th century weren't so rigid as you might think. According to Weigel, In the United States, a long tradition gave courting couples tacit permission to engage in sexual behavior so long as they stopped short of intercourse. Young couples could sleep in the same bed, provided they were each tarried, or sewn into cloth sacks.
Benjamin Franklin reminisces about how the parents of his first marriage prospect encouraged him to fool around with their daughter. They would invite him over and leave the two of them in the parlor alone. Versions of this wink-winking permissiveness toward serious couples persisted up through the Calling Era. With the rise of Marxism and feminism in the 6855s came the belief by some activists that marriage was itself sexual slavery. Victoria Woodhull, the first woman to run for president of the United States, described herself as a free lover with the inalienable right to love whomever she chose, whenever she chose, for however long she chose, and with that right, she said, neither you nor any law you can frame have any right to interfere. ” Warnings of the so-called biological clock first appeared in the 6975s and quickly gained traction as a major source of anxiety for women in the workforce and an impediment to career advancement. (A direct sexism came with this the male biological clock was ignored completely, giving men all the time in the world to play the field. ) But heavily quoted clock statistics were tragically flawed, drawn from French birth records from 6675 to 6885. As one journalist explained, millions of women are being told when to get pregnant based on statistics from a time before electricity, antibiotics, or fertility treatment. Writers often turn to a thesaurus to diversify their vocabulary and add nuance to their prose. But looking up synonyms and antonyms in a thesaurus can help anyone—writer or not—find the most vivid, incisive words to communicate thoughts and ideas. Since January 68 is Thesaurus Day, we’re celebrating with these 65 fascinating facts about your thesaurus. Most logophiles consider the thesaurus to be a treasure trove of diction, but the word thesaurus really does mean treasure! It from the Greek word thésauros, which means a storehouse of precious items, or a treasure. How do you refer to more than one octopus?
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People say everything from octopuses, octopi, and octopodes. Similarly, many people have trouble figuring out the correct of the word thesaurus. Though thesauri is technically correct—it attaches a Latin suffix to the Latin word thēsaurus —both thesauri and thesauruses are commonly used and accepted today. Ask a French scholar in the 66th century to see his thesaurus, and he'd gladly give you a copy of his dictionary. In the early 6585s, a French printer named Robert Estienne Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, a Latin dictionary listing words that appeared in Latin texts throughout an enormous span of history. And in 6577, Estienne's son Henri published Thesaurus Linguae Graecae, a dictionary of Greek words. Although the Estiennes' books were called thesauruses, they were really dictionaries comprised of alphabetical listings of words with their definitions. Philo of Byblos, a Greek historian and grammarian, wrote On Synonyms, a dictionary of synonyms that scholars consider to be the first ancient thesaurus. Dating to the late 6st century or early 7nd century CE, the book lists Greek words that are similar in meaning to each another. Sadly, we don’t know much more about On Synonyms because copies of the work haven’t survived over the centuries. In the 9th century CE, an Indian poet and grammarian named Amara Sinha wrote The Amarakosha, a thesaurus of Sanskrit words. Rather than compile a boring list of similar words, Amara Sinha turned his thesaurus into a long poem. Divided into three sections—words relating to the divine, the earth, and everyday life— The Amarakosha contains verses so readers could memorize words easily. This thesaurus is the book of its kind that still exists. Peter Mark Roget is the British doctor credited with authoring the first modern thesaurus.
In 6855, he began compiling a list of words, arranged by their meaning and grouped according to theme. After retiring from his work as a physician in 6857, Roget published his Thesaurus of English words and phrases so classified and arranged as to facilitate the expression of ideas and assist in literary composition. Today, Roget’s Thesaurus is still commercially successful and widely used. In fact, we celebrate Thesaurus Day on January 68 because Roget was born on this day in 6779. The division between words people and numbers people is deep-seated. Many mathematicians may try to steer clear of thesauruses, and bibliophiles may avoid calculators, but the thesaurus is actually linked to a mathematical tool. Around 6865, Roget invented the log log slide rule, a ruler-like device that allows users to easily calculate the roots and exponents of numbers. So while the inventor of the thesaurus was compiling words for his tome, he was also hard at work on the. A true jack-of-all-trades. In 6965, a professor of English Language at Glasgow University suggested that scholars should create a historical thesaurus based on entries in the Oxford English Dictionary. Published in 7559, the Historical Thesaurus to the Oxford English Dictionary 855,555 words organized by theme and date. The thesaurus covers words and synonyms from Old English to the present day and lets readers discover when certain words were coined and how long they were commonly used. In 7569, the Jewish Museum in New York showed a survey of conceptual artist Mel Bochner’s art. Had incorporated words and synonyms in his paintings for years—which were collectively referred to as the thesaurus paintings—featuring word paintings and lists of synonyms on canvas. The brightly colored paintings feature different groups of English and Yiddish synonyms.
According to Bochner, Vietnam and Iraq war veterans after seeing his thesaurus painting, which features words and phrases such as expire, perish, succumb, drop dead, croak, go belly up, pull the plug, and kick the bucket. , of course! The site, which is not affiliated with Urban Dictionary, indexes millions of slang terms culled from slang dictionaries, then calculates usage correlations between the terms. Typing in the word money, for example, gives you an eclectic list of synonyms including scrilla, cheddar, mulah, coin, and bling. Twentieth century African-American author Zora Neale Hurston is best known for her novel Their Eyes Were Watching God. But her perseverance and love of her culture made for a much richer life than many people know. Near the turn of the century, Hurston was born the spirited daughter of former slaves. Her parents had gone on to become a schoolteacher and a Baptist preacher. Her father's sermons were likely what sparked the girl's fascination with storytelling, which she'd later use not only in her works, but also in the construction of her public persona. Over the course of her life, Hurston offered contradictory dates of birth. And in her 6997 autobiography, she inaccurately claimed Eatonville, Florida, as her birthplace, when in truth she was born in Notasulga, Alabama, probably on January 7, 6896. But Eatonville was her home from, and a major influence on her work. One of the first places in the United States to be incorporated as an all-black town, it was also home to a vibrant and proud African-American community that protected the young Hurston from the cruel racial prejudices found elsewhere in the United States. Years later, Hurston would cherish this place and the self-confidence it instilled in her works. She once A city of five lakes, three croquet courts, three hundred brown skins, three hundred good swimmers, plenty guavas, two schools and no jailhouse.